OER are openly licensed, most often with Creative Commons licensing or through the public domain. Creative Commons licenses allow you to engage with the 5Rs of open.
- Retain: make, own, and control a copy of the resource
- Revise: edit, adapt, and modify your copy of the resource
- Remix: combine your original or revised copy of the resource with other existing material to create something new
- Reuse: use your original, revised, or remixed copy of the resource publicly
- Redistribute: share copies of your original, revised, or remixed copy of the resource with others
Source: David Wiley, Open Content blog
Creative Commons Licenses
Here is brief explanation of what Creative Commons Licenses are and how they work:
“The Creative Commons copyright licenses and tools forge a balance inside the traditional ‘all rights reserved’ setting that copyright law creates. Our tools give everyone from individual creators to large companies and institutions a simple, standardized way to grant copyright permissions to their creative work. The combination of our tools and our users is a vast and growing digital commons, a pool of content that can be copied, distributed, edited, remixed, and built upon, all within the boundaries of copyright law.”
Source: Creative Commons
There are four components of Creative Commons licenses, which are:
- Attribution (BY): Proper attribution must be given to the original creator of the work. This includes a link to the original work, information about the author, and information about the original work’s license.
- Share-Alike (SA): Iterations of the original work must be made available under the same license terms.
- Non-Commercial (NC): The work cannot be sold at a profit or used for commercial means such as for-profit advertising. Copies of the work can be purchased in print and given away or sold at cost.
- No Derivatives (ND): The work cannot be altered or “remixed.” Only identical copies of the work can be redistributed without additional permission from the creator.
Attribution: “The Four Components of Creative Commons Licenses” from The OER Starter Kit by Abbey K. Elder, CC-BY 4.0. View the full work here.
These four components can be combined to create a total of six different Creative Commons licenses, varying in openness and what they allow users to do.